Dinkum Journal of Economics and Managerial Innovations (DJEMI).

Publication History

Submitted: March 03, 2023
Accepted: April 01, 2023
Published: August 01, 2023




Aqsa tahir, Qaiser Mohi Ud Din, Mohammed Nawab Shinwari, Megha Vimal and Urfa Fazil (2023). A comprehensive review of technologies and relevance of green human resource management. Dinkum Journal of Economics and Managerial Innovations, 2(08):468-475.


© 2023 DJEMI. All rights reserved

A Comprehensive Review of Technologies and Relevance of Green Human Resource ManagementReview Article

Aqsa tahir 1, Qaiser Mohi Ud Din 2*, Mohammed Nawab Shinwari3, Megha Vimal 4, and Urfa Fazil 5

  1. School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, China; aqsa-tahir@outlook.com
  2. School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, China; qaiser.mohi-ud-din@outlook.com
  3. Shaikh Zayed University, Afghanistan; nawabkhan.szu@gmail.com
  4. Dewan Institute of Management Studies, Meerut, India; megha_vimal@yahoo.com
  5. Department of Management Sciences, University of Wah, Pakistan; urfafazil5@gmail.com

*             Correspondence: qaiser.mohi-ud-din@outlook.com

Abstract: The aforementioned study’s major goal is to carefully explore the areas where cutting-edge technologies and green human resource management interact. This study gathers, collects, and examines data based on a comprehensive review of the literature. From seven databases between 2018 and 2023, sixteen research publications on the convergence of consumer interactions and cutting-edge technologies like IoT, AI, and big data that are pertinent to GHRM were selected based on a preset review methodology. The chosen publications have been assessed in order to compile pertinent information for several scholarly concerns. We have seen expanding tendencies in the articles in the year 2022. The majority of publications have focused on how customers use GHRM and other technical breakthroughs in the business sectors.  According to the results of the information extraction, “Green human resource management” and “advanced technologies are mentioned in the literature most frequently, respectively. “Combine all these data variables” is still a step, although being less iterative. As a result, the research’s conclusions can help firms and academics create GHRM and cutting-edge technologies in an efficient manner.

Keywords: green human resource management, advanced technologies, advancements


The growth of innovations has restructured industries, changed customer experiences, and stimulated academic research (Kumar et al., 2021). According to Techopedia (2019), technology is defined as “technological devices, approaches, or accomplishments that leverage the most modern and high-level IT advancements; in a nutshell, technologies at the boundaries of understanding”. Due to the fourth industrial revolution, which is now integrating quick information technology improvements (Malik, Tripathi, Kar, and Gupta, 2021; Molino et al., 2021; Fischer et al., 2017), a highly competitive corporate climate has been produced (Keiningham et al., 2020). New technology has had a substantial impact on the practise of marketing (Grewal, Hulland, et al., 2020). They are talking about how customers interact with businesses. For instance, cutting-edge methods have allowed clients to gain from a service that is more targeted, customised, enjoyable, and efficient (Papagiannidis et al., 2017). In order to provide meaningful connections with customers, technology advancements also have the capacity to analyse and handle enormous quantities of statistics involving information about people’s emotions and behaviour from many viewpoints (Kathayat, 2022). There are few studies examining how consumers connect and engage with emerging technologies (such as Manis & Choi, 2019; Pizzi et al., 2019) or how they adopt them. Consumer involvement with technology and AI has greatly increased during the previous ten years (Ameen, Tarhini, Reppel, & Anand, 2021). Industrial Digital Technology (DTs) are currently the focus of much operational management attention and, by incorporating cutting-edge technologies, have altered supply chain design (Sarkis et al., 2020). According to several studies (Popovi et al., 2018; Dubey et al., 2019; Yang et al., 2022), digital technology and electronic platforms are environmentally conscious mediators because they allow for the improvement of decision-making processes through the gathering, analysing, and evaluation of data. They also improve sustainability, administration, and surveillance of resource outcomes.Despite the findings of the aforementioned studies, managers are still hesitant to engage in sustainability and technology since even greater financial benefits are anticipated (Gupta et al., 2020). Consumer technology is being implemented as part of the current technological improvement (Andre et al. 2018).   According to a study on the implementation of HRM technology (Castellacci & Vias-Bardolet, 2019), there is currently a lack of understanding of how AI-enabled HRM activities effect people, their employment outcomes, and overall organisational outcomes. A further step is taken by GHRM when it considers a completely original strategy that creates fresh challenges and promotes improved decision-making in human resource practises. In order to make up for their lack of environmental awareness, employees seek out the necessary information, which also aids in their understanding of the GHRM policies and environmental strategic goals that the firm actively promotes. There is a significant information gap and no thorough evaluations have been done. The major objectives of this study are to critically assess the cutting-edge technologies that are crucial to GHRM, to provide a short assessment of the state of research in this area, and to make suggestions for future research. A commonly used approach for combining newly developed research disciplines is the systematic literature review (Palmatier et al., 2018; Paul & Criado, 2020; Paul et al., 2021; Snyder, 2019). This study uses a domain-based review approach.


2.1 Search Process

The goal of the coordinated search procedure, which consists of a few phases, is to locate data using the selection criteria for study. Research the seven important websites in Phase 1 and consolidate your findings. Phase 2: Examine the list of references for each inquiry topic that has been selected to identify any publications that stand out as very important. This investigation’s computerized search approach made use of academic e-databases. These stages lead to cutting-edge technologies and environmentally friendly human resource management. We selected important electronic databases, including Science Direct, Sage, and Springer, to compile the pertinent literature.

2.2 Study Selection

It is assessed deeply during scanning measures, which one of the authors hypothesis might contain information that is valuable for analyzing the literature. During that stage, the quality of each component was independently evaluated by three study assistants. In essence, scholarly publications were extracted based on the search techniques indicated above. Perhaps important posts were still there when duplicate papers with redundant information were removed. After scanning the titles and abstracts, irrelevant studies were eliminated, remaining only possibly important studies. Abandoned reports contained instructions for system architecture or advice for specialized objectives (and were not generalize).

2.3 Quality Assessment

The following quality assessment questions were utilised to take a closer look at each of the papers included in the investigation: Is the category or field accurately described? 2. Is the essay backed up by research, or is it merely an expert-based compilation of learned insights? 3. Are the research’s goals outlined in great detail? 4. Is the setting where the study was done sufficiently described? 5. Is the research strategy successful in achieving the study’s goals? 6. Is the final sentence concise and clear? Does the research include all aspects of technology and human resource management that are considerate of the environment? 8. Does the research provide a summary of the topic? 9. Does the study paper use an established design to help with its analysis? P (Partially) = 0.5, N (No) = 0 or indeterminate (i.e., no explicit data was provided), and Y (Yes) = 1. The rating scheme for the article was developed in this manner.

2.4 Data synthesis

Our inclusion requirements were only met by 16 of the 44 items that were carefully analysed to achieve data extraction and aggregation. The objective at this time is to make documentation with reliable details about the initial investigation accessible. The author, year, study methods, nation, and context were all extracted, along with other basic data. These products were chosen taking into account the investigation’s goals. Data were gathered, examined, and then extracted. The sections that follow provide more information about the outcomes of the combining step.


During the data extraction stage, parameters from each of the chosen publications were to be extracted. 16 papers were found during the search process for this evaluation. Figure 1 displays the quantity of research that we choose from online databases. In contrast, the majority of the papers (n=5) were taken from the science direct database, with only three papers coming from the springerlink and MDPI databases. Figure 2 additionally depicts the progression of investigations throughout time in chronological order.

Figure 1: Papers in seven selected electronic databases

Figure 1: Papers in seven selected electronic databases

Figure 2 Chronological order of studies over time

Figure 2: Chronological order of studies over time

To assess the overall quality of the included research, we used nine quality assessment questions. The maximum score for each question is 1, and the aggregate score was 9. Figure 3 demonstrates the high value of the chosen research, which has a quality score above 5, and more details may be found in Appendix 2.

Figure 3 Quality assessment of all included studies

Figure 3: Quality assessment of all included studies

This study demonstrated that 75% of the selected researchers employed survey research as their primary quantitative strategy. However, just around 25% of all papers using qualitative approach were conceptual papers, empirical investigations, or case studies. The examination of a few selected studies showed that GHRM and technology have been studied in a variety of settings and countries. While Gursoy, Dogan, and colleagues (2019), Wang, and colleagues (2015), and Hofacker, and colleagues (2016) all conducted research in the USA, Naseer and colleagues (2023) conducted their study in China. Dogan, Oscar, Lu, and Robin (2019) investigated the cutting-edge technologies relevant to GHRM in eight various scenarios, including two distinct contexts (artificial intelligence). Figure 6 demonstrated that academics have studied technological advancements and green human resource management in the context of IT and commerce, while the hotel, medical care, and pharmaceutical industries have received less investigation. The review’s conclusion section, which is consistent with past systematic literature reviews, identifies knowledge gaps in the corpus of published literature and develops a research plan for the future. The review revealed a significant underrepresentation of studies on cutting-edge technology in GHRM. The majority of research findings used GHRM separately for digitising. Without a doubt, additional research is needed. Future studies should employ a larger range of research methods, both qualitatively and statistically, in order to further the field’s research. In particular, we suggest future researchers to adapt their research approaches to GHRM technology improvements.


For this review, the appropriate papers for identifying cutting-edge technologies and their significance to GHRM were selected. Five datasets were examined. The papers were also selected through the use of inclusion and exclusion criteria, abstract analysis, and title and keyword analysis of the results. According to our analysis, the number of articles describing studies that begin in 2022 will significantly rise. Thus, emerging trends in the industry served as examples for the research on the relationship between organizational green performance, advanced technology, and innovation. However, studies incorporating GHRM and technology have gotten less attention. There were selected forty-four articles between 2015 and 2023. After assessment, only sixteen of these publications remained to be examined in diverse settings and countries. We view them as the overall context as a result. Therefore, scholars ought to consider these companies more. The bulk of the thirteen countries where these investigations were conducted are industrialized nations. Therefore, it is suggested that researchers take emerging countries into account. The chosen articles’ research methodologies were then reviewed. The majority of studies used the survey strategy, whereas other techniques were used less frequently. Through these contributions, in addition to our study of the subject and the creation of a future research agenda based on an extensive review of the literature for the previous ten years, we aimed to advance the level of knowledge in this emerging field. We add to the body of knowledge in the GHRM literature regarding technologies and tell the research audience about the growing potential for more study. Despite the fact that this subject of study is still in its infancy, it urgently needs to be further investigated via strong conceptual and empirical work in order to stay up with the technology’s quick changes and the business environment’s fluctuating nature. This review and the other papers in this special issue will advance knowledge, offer direction to business organisations and HR specialists, and support innovative developments that will bring about intelligent technology and help businesses gain and keep competitive advantages. A topic can be tested in several contexts and locations by academics. The results of this study can therefore help firms and researchers implement and develop GHRM and cutting-edge technologies successfully. In order to determine the course of green human resource management, the current review lays the groundwork for future studies on green customer behaviour, addressing the needs of the environmentally conscious market, implementing technological advancements, and advancing the goals of sustainable development.


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Publication History

Submitted: March 03, 2023
Accepted: April 01, 2023
Published: August 01, 2023




Aqsa tahir, Qaiser Mohi Ud Din, Mohammed Nawab Shinwari, Megha Vimal and Urfa Fazil (2023). A comprehensive review of technologies and relevance of green human resource management. Dinkum Journal of Economics and Managerial Innovations, 2(08):468-475.


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